Artificial intelligence applied to architecture

11/01/2021

Artificial intelligence applied to architecture

Artificial intelligence is entering the field of architecture with increasing force and its presence will surely increase. For those who do not know, we should clarify that, broadly speaking, it is a series of technologies that serve to emulate the human intellect. Consequently, it can be applied to an endless number of fields, and architecture is no exception.

At present, the applications and solutions it offers are already diverse. Firstly, it makes building calculations an automated task and much easier thanks to different tools and software programs that take care of it. Therefore, the human error factor disappears, enhancing in turn the effectiveness.

It also allows a generative design, through the use of programs that solve the design of mechanical, electrical or sanitary installations finding the most efficient solutions and avoiding interferences with other elements. In the face of complex situations, it offers the best alternative in a more agile and quicker way than that of the human being.

Artificial intelligence also allows, for example, the automated monitoring of a work, periodically scanning its state, processing the information and contrasting it with the initial plan. In this way it is easier to detect if there is any kind of delay and to be able to make any adjustments so that it does not affect the whole construction. As a result, efficiency is greater and deadlines are cut.

And another advantage offered by different programmes is to allow customers to walk through a design before it is built. In this way, through a very real experience it is possible to appreciate what the building will look like and have a much clearer idea of it, even when the work has not even begun. With this, the recipient will get a much clearer idea of the project, and any appreciation on their part will be picked up at a very early stage.

However, there is some debate about whether artificial intelligence can have an impact on job losses. The Economist estimates that 47% of the work done by humans will have been replaced by robots by 2037, partly due to AI, robotics and nanotechnology. These are undoubtedly somewhat worrying estimates, which also have opposing views. For example, Matthias Kohler, professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich (Switzerland) takes the opposite view and argues that this technology "will not replace architects, design is more social".

We understand that the possibilities of AI are numerous, still incipient and all advantageous for the architectural sector. But its focus must always be to complement or facilitate human work, with the aim of helping any project to be more efficient.

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