Biomimetic architecture or use of nature as an inspiration

26/04/2021

Biomimetic architecture or use of nature as an inspiration

Nature has always been a source of inspiration due to its colours, textures, and shapes. This living system has the ability of recycling and reusing its resources in an effective and continuous way. With more than 4,000 years of experience, nature and the planet’s organisms are an excellent example to follow.

Architecture has used nature as an inspiration source from the very beginning of the construction industry. For instance, the Greeks and Romans used natural elements in their designs such as the Corinthian columns. Besides the aesthetic, nature also meets other needs from the construction industry which have resulted in a specific architectonical trend: Biomimetic.

What is biomimetic architecture?

This architectural movement is a contemporary philosophy that searches for sustainable solutions through nature. Therefore, it means applying the rules that control natural shapes and bodies to the construction process without only focusing on stylistic codes. As a result, these natural mechanisms seem to give a better answer in terms of material use and the building’s structure.

The scientific author Janine Benyus explains in her book “Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature” what the word biomimicry means through three different perspectives:

  1. Nature as a model: the study of models and rules of nature as an inspiration to resolve human problems.
  2. Nature as a measure:  the creation of an ecological measure to judge our innovations and processes.
  3. Nature as a mentor: Biomimicry is a new way of contemplating and valuating nature.

Building’s structure and use of materials

When focusing on construction, Biomimetic states that humans can use the geometry present in natural elements to build new structures. Nature can create complex and resistant frames and figures that can become an interesting source of inspiration to create resilient buildings.

The selection of sustainable materials that can give shape to this structure is another key point of biomimetic. Even do these elements seem to have an aesthetic use, the truth is they also add an important energetic benefit.

Thanks to the new materials used in construction, buildings are more dynamic and can adapt to the environment and climate from where they are located. The inclusion of other elements to the process such as artificial intelligence allows the instant and remote control of these materials.

During the following years, we will presence the evolution of this philosophy to create buildings with zero emissions. We are deeply interested in this process and the construction of buildings that are fully integrated with the environment. For this reason, as always, we will share the relevant information here, at Colonial’s blog.

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